NL EN
DONEER NU!

Dutch alcohol policy

The government is working to combat alcohol abuse in our society.
The measures are aimed at:
- preventing young people from drinking before they turn 18;
- encouraging people over 18 to drink responsibly;
- reducing the number of people who are psychologically or physically addicted to alcohol;
- minimising the consequences of alcohol abuse, such as public antisocial behaviour, domestic violence and traffic accidents.

Important target groups are youngsters and problem drinkers. Six kinds of policy instruments are used:
1. Alcohol Act
2. Rules on alcohol advertising
3. Penalties for driving while intoxicated
4. Taxation
5. Education and prevention
6. Treatment and rehabilitation

An important principle in Dutch alcohol policy is, that only a well-balanced coherent package of measures is considered to be effective.

Policy memoranda
The first adopted alcohol policy memorandum (Alcohol en Samenleving) dates from 1986. The second one was the so-called Alcoholnota.
A more recent alcohol policy document is the (Hoofdlijnenbrief alcoholbeleid) from 20 November 2007. It was a joined memorandum from the ministers of Health, Welfare and Sport, of Youth and Family and of the Interior. It has been debated in Dutch Parliament in December 2007.
In December 2016 State Secretary of Health, Martin van Rijn, sent an Evaluation of the Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act to parliament. This document also addresses other alcohol policy instruments (including excise duty) and can therefore be seen as an alcohol policy document. The discussion of this document in Parliament was in February 2017.

National Prevention Agreement
The National Prevention Agreement was launched on 23 November 2018. The document consists of a package of projects and measures on reducing smoking, overweight and problematic alcohol use. The cabinet and the 70 signatories want, among others, to achieve a smoke-free generation in 2040, that young people and pregnant women do not drink alcohol, that everyone is much more aware of the risks of alcohol, that the number of problem drinkers falls, as well as the number of people who are overweight. The Dutch Institute for Alcohol Policy STAP is one of the signatories.

Alcohol Manifesto and Dutch Alcohol Policy Alliance
11 health organizations launched at the end of 2016 an Alcohol Manifesto. In the Alcohol Manifesto, the organizations challenge the national government and local authorities to give priority to three effective alcohol policy measures (the so-called 3 Best Buys): an increase in the price of alcohol, a reduction in the number of sales outlets and a ban on alcohol advertising.

The organizations signing the Alcohol Manifesto are the following: FAS Foundation of the Netherlands, GGD GHOR Nederland (the Association of Community Health Services and Regional Medical Emergency Preparedness and Planning services), Iriszorg, Jellinek Amsterdam, Lectoraat Verslaving Hogeschool Windesheim, Mondriaan Centrum voor Geestelijke Gezondheid, Dutch Institute for Alcohol Policy STAP, Nederlandse Vereniging van Drank- en Horecawet Inspecteurs (NVDI), Novadic-Kentron, Verslavingspreventie Nederland en Victas Centrum voor Verslavingszorg. The Collaboration of Health Funds supports the Alcohol Manifesto.

Since 1 January 2020, some of these organizations have been working together as AAN: The Dutch Alcohol Policy Alliance in order to be able to make a joint statement at regular intervals in the future as well. The first combined action was the organization of the Alcohol Action Week in november 2020. Various social organizations joined this initiative.

Alcohol en Samenleving (14,4 MB)

Alcoholnota (195 kB)

Hoofdlijnenbrief alcoholbeleid (69,2 kB)

Evaluatie Drank- en Horecawet (376 kB)

Alcoholmanifest (0,96 MB)

Nationaal Preventieakkoord (528 kB)

-

1. Alcohol Act

General principles of the Alcohol Act

The Alcohol Act, entered into force on 1 July 2021, is the name of the revised Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act of 1964 (which came into effect in 1967 and since then amended several times). The Alcohol Act is a statutory law regulating the selling and serving of alcohol. The Alcohol Decree and the Alcohol Regulation contain further rules for the elaboration of the Alcohol Act. The law and the lower regulations fall under the responsibility of the Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport.

According to the Alcohol Act, the off premise sale of mildly alcoholic beverages as beer, wine and low alcohol content spirits is only allowed in grocery stores and licensed liquor stores. The off premise sale of strong alcoholic beverages (spirits with an alcohol content of 15% or more) is restricted to licensed liquor stores.

Alcoholic drinks may not be sold at gas stations and from kiosks. The use of vending machines is not allowed. It is forbidden for a retailer to offer more than 25% off the price he normally charges. Nor should he give the impression that he is more than 25% cheaper than others.

The on premise sale of alcoholic beverages is only permitted in licensed catering venues. Retailers and service providers (hairdressers, laundries, beauticians, etc.) are therefore not allowed to serve alcohol.

The Alcohol Act also regulates distance selling of alcoholic beverages, at least insofar it concerns companies established in the Netherlands.

Mildly alcoholic beverages may be ordered online or by telephone from grocery and liquor stores, web shops, beer couriers and delivery restaurants. All of these companies are allowed to deliver these beverages or have them delivered to private homes or distribution points. Delivery at a public place (for instance a park) is not allowed. No licence is required. Delivery by web shops, beer couriers and delivery restaurants must take place from a non-public closed warehouse.

Only licensed liquor stores may offer strong alcoholic beverages via the liquor store's website and take orders for strong alcoholic beverages online or by telephone and have them delivered to private homes or distribution points.

Licensing system

Catering venues and liquor stores require a licence to supply alcohol. They will receive this from the mayor if they meet certain requirements.

Firstly, requirements set for the licence-applicant/the operator, the tender and – at least for the time being – the floor-manager him or herself. All these supervisors should not have committed any serious crimes during the last five years or be a repeated offender of less serious crimes, such as drunk driving. In addition to this, they should be at least 21 years old and have passed a course on 'responsible serving'. The names of all supervisors are listed on the appendix to the licence.

Secondly, there are building requirements of licensed outlets. The minimum floor area of a liquor store is 15 m²; one catering area is 35 m² or more. Liquor stores and catering areas must be surrounded by walls. Liquor stores should not be directly connected to another shop. There must be a hallway between both stores. These requirements are additional to the requirements of the Building Decree 2012 and - in the future - the Building Works and Living Environment Decree.

The Alcohol Act contains various rules to prevent mixing of formulas. This is to protect (young) consumers and problem drinkers. It is not permitted to carry out retail activities in a catering area. That is only allowed in other parts of the building.

Only drinks and articles associated with drinks may be sold in liquor stores. Letting customers taste is permitted under certain conditions. A municipality can determine that organizing paid tastings and courses is permitted after regular shopping hours.

Bartenders and liquor store retailers may not allow the presence of intoxicated persons and may not themselves be drunk or intoxicated during work.

Age limits

History age-limit purchasing alcoholic beverages

Year Mildly alcoholic beverages Strong alcoholic beverages
1886 - 16 year (Penal Code 1881)
1932 16 year (Drinks Act 1931) 16 year (Penal Code 1881)
1967 16 year (Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act 1964) 18 year (Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act 1964)
2014 18 year (Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act 1964) 18 year (Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act 2014)
2021 18 year (Alcohol Act 2021) 18 year (Alcohol Act 2021)

-

Since 1 January 2014, there is one age limit of 18 years for on and for off premise purchasing of both mildly and strong alcoholic beverages, direct or indirect. The 18+-amendment was introduced by 4 MP's in a members bill.
In the European Union 18 year is the most common alcohol purchasing age.

The purchaser has the legal obligation to check the age of the buyer in advance (verification of identity document). Indirect purchasing to a young person occurs when an alcohol seller provides a drink to an adult when it is abundantly clear that the drink will be - on sight - passed on to someone that is not obvious 18 year or older.

With the new Alcohol Act 2021, not only the alcohol seller, but also the adult who passes the drink is punishable. Another adjustment since the new Alcohol Act is that when selling alcohol online and by telephone, the age of the buyer must be verified when placing the order. Besides, the drink must be delivered in a secured manner. This means that the age of the person who gets the drink must be checked again on the basis of an identity document. That is the responsibility of the seller.

Grocery stores, liquor stores, hotels, restaurants and cafés that sell alcohol without checking if the customer is 18 years or above risk a fine of €1,360. If liquor stores, hotels, restaurants or pubs habitually sell alcohol to young people without checking their age, the mayor can suspend their licence. If a grocery store sells alcohol to young people three times or more in one year without checking their age, the mayor can temporarily prohibit it from selling alcohol (for a maximum of 12 weeks). A distance seller that violates the rules may be temporarily deprived of the right to sell alcohol by the minister.

Stickers

History age limit public possession alcoholic beverages

Year Mildly alcoholic beverages Strong alcoholic beverages
2013 12-16 year (Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act 2013) 12-16 year (Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act 2013)
2014 12-18 year (Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act 2014) 12-18 year (Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act 2014)
2021 12-18 year (Alcohol Act 2021) 12-18 year (Alcohol Act 2021)

-

In 2013, the legislator also introduced a national ban on public possession of alcohol by young people. They may not possess alcohol or have it ready for consumption in places open to the public. This concerns places from destination to general accessibility, such as public roads, public gardens, parks, porches, stairs, covered shopping centers, festival and event areas, sports fields, stations, stadiums, campsites (with the exception of the guests' tents), catering venues, etc. Young people were allowed to possess and consume drinks at home / in the private sphere or in places not accessible to the public, in passenger transport, at military stations and airports (after customs), food shops and liquor stores.

In 2013, this ban applied to young people aged 12 to 16 years, but it has been extended to 18 years in 2014. Since the new Alcohol Act of 1 July 2021, some exceptions to the ban have lapsed. Young people ages 12 to 18 are no longer allowed to possess and drink in passenger transport, at military sites and airports (after customs).

A few groups are excluded from the prohibition on having alcohol present or ready for consumption in places accessible to the public. Young people who work in a catering venue or a (sports)canteen or who are doing an internship in a catering venue or a liquor store are allowed to serve alcohol and to have alcohol present (pouring themself a drink, however, is not allowed). 16 and 17-year old test purchasers are also not punishable during enforcement actions.

Municipal enforcement officials (boas) and police officers enforce the ban. The fine for violation is currently € 50 for young people under the age of 16 and € 100 for young people aged 16 and 17. The fine is not recorded in the judicial documentation. Therefore, violation of this ban has later no consequences for obtaining a Certificate of Good Conduct.

Young people who violate this ban can - if the Public Prosecutor approves it - be referred to Halt, where they then participate in Halt Alcohol, an alternative sanctions programme.

Supervision of alcohol providers

If a company or entrepreneur violates the legal rules of the Alcohol Act, prosecution can take place on the basis of the Economic Offenses Act. This happens in the event of serious violations and violations of Article 20, paragraphs 4 and 5, and Article 21 of the Alcohol Act.

Much more often, however, an administrative fine will be imposed if the Alcohol Act is violated. Both the mayor and the minister can impose such an administrative fine. The amount of the fine is laid down in the Alcohol Decree.

The inspections on behalf of the mayor are carried out by municipal special enforcement officials (boas). The inspections on behalf of the Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport are carried out by enforcement officials of the Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (NVWA). The latter have a number of national tasks. They supervise the distribution of alcohol in passenger transport, at military sites, at airports (after customs) and by the itinerant trade. They also enforce the rules about online alcohol orders and exorbitant price promotions in the retail sector.

There are more sanctions than monetary penalties. For example, the mayor can (or sometimes even has to) revoke the license of an offender temporarily or permanently, remove visitors from illegal catering venues and close a catering venue (under the Municipalities Act). On the basis of that law it is also possible to impose a penalty payment or administrative coercion.

A grocery store or a webshop not checking the age of the customer three times in one year may be temporarily deprived of the right to sell alcohol.

Mixed Formulas Bill

In June 2018, the former liberal MP Erik Ziengs submitted a private members bill to relax the rules for selling and serving alcohol in the Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act. Various political parties were enthusiastic about his proposal. His so called Mixed Formulas Bill makes it possible to combine on and off premise sales. In June 2020, he amended the proposal and submitted it again to the House of Representatives. Two months after the House started with the written consideration of the bill, the process came to a standstill.

Six months later, during the parlementary debate of the new Alcohol bill of the Secretary of State Paul Blokhuis, in December 2020, there seemed to be little political support left for Ziengs' bill. Only three parliamentary parties - PVV, Forum for Democracy and Think - supported the amendment by Jansen and Agema (35337, no. 29) that allows mixed formulas. Nevertheless, in April 2021, after Ziengs' departure from the House of Representatives, Thierry Aartsen decided to take over the defence of the Mixed Formulas Bill. In the Netherlands it is not uncommon that a member of parliament in the House of Representatives adopts a private member's bill of a fellow member that has left Parliament.

The Mixed Formulas Bill makes it possible for operators of licensed catering venues and licensed liquor stores to ask the municipality whether their licence can be extended so that they can also perform 'secondary activities'. A secondary activity for a catering venue can be the sale of paintings hanging on the walls, their tableware or house wines. A secondary activity of a liquor store can be the sale of nuts and cheese or on premise sales of coffee with liqueur.

In addition, even worse, two new categories of alcohol providers are introduced: the mixed retail business and the mixed craft business. This concerns retailers and service providers who - also with a municipal licence - are allowed to sell and serve mildly alcoholic drinks as a secondary activity. Think of clothing and book shops, hairdressers, barbers, massage parlors, bicycle repairers, launderettes, heel bars, etc. Supermarkets can then organize tastings in the shop or even set up wine or beer tasting bars.

It is not known whether, and if so, how Aartsen will amend these proposals from Ziengs' private member's bill. However, he will have to amend the texts of the bill on various points, because the Alcohol Licensing and Catering Act has now been replaced by the Alcohol Act.

Not in the Alcohol Act

Identification age
The Alcohol Act does not mention an identification age. However, the supermarkets (united in the Central Bureau for Food Trade) and part of the catering industry (united in Koninklijke Horeca Nederland) have decided they will stick to an identification age for alcohol and tobacco of 25 years. In practice, this means that cashiers of supermarkets and bar staff of KHN catering venues will ask customers who they think look younger than 25 for their ID. These supermarkets and catering venues also ask their customers under the age of 25 to spontaneously show their ID.

Non-alcoholic catering venues
The licensing system of the Alcohol Act does not relate to the running of alcohol-free catering venues. An Alcohol Act licence is only required if you want to sell alcoholic beverages (more than 0.5% alcohol).

Private parties
The Alcohol Act also does not apply when it comes to alcohol serving at private parties. This is the case if the organizer has a non-commercial relationship with the guests he has invited. In addition, guests should receive their drinks completely free of charge and the location in question should only be used occasionally for parties and meetings.

Catering opening hours
The Alcohol Act does not contain any rules regarding catering opening hours. Determining such hours is a competence of the municipalities on the basis of the Municipalities Act. The Alcohol Act only requires that municipalities determine in a local ordinance the alcohol serving hours in semi-commercial canteens.

Provisions regarding production, import and export
The Alcohol Act does not contain any national legal provisions regarding the production, import or export of alcoholic beverages. That does not mean that nothing has been arranged on this point, on the contrary. In addition to the general legislation on foodstuffs, there are also specific Dutch and European product regulations that are relevant for producers of alcoholic beverages.
The excise legislation states that consumers are allowed to make beer and wine for their own use. For the commercial production of beer and/or wine you need a licence. Private persons are not allowed to have a still. You need a Manufacturing Licence. Companies that want to store non-taxed alcoholic beverages need a Storage Licence.

Mandatory indication of product information
Since 1993, drinks with more than 1.2% alcohol must be labelled with the alcoholic strength. Reporting allergens has been mandatory since 2005. These regulations are also not regulated in the Alcohol Act, but in decisions based on the Commodities Act. It concerns harmonized regulations of the European Union. As of December 13, 2014, the basis for these obligations is the European regulation on the provision of food information to consumers (1169/2011).
This regulation includes an exception for alcoholic beverages with more than 1.2% alcohol volume: neither ingredients nor nutritional values are required. This strange exception for alcoholic beverages has long been talked about. Many want to get rid of that, but some sectors of the alcohol industry are sticking to self-regulatory regimes.

It now seems that the new European Commission no longer wants to continue the exception for the alcohol sector. One of the proposals in Europe's Beating Cancer Plan is therefore to make ingredients and nutritional values on the labels of alcoholic beverages mandatory by 2022.

Warning logos
In the Netherlands labels with general or specific health warnings are not required. But on basis of self regulation 89% of the bottles have an alcohol and pregnancy icon. Unfortunately, these are very small and hard to see. In the European Commission's Europe's Beating Cancer Plan, one of the proposals is to make health warnings on alcoholic beverages mandatory by 2023.

Zwangerschapslogo 4

-

2. Rules on advertising

In the Netherlands there are three different sources with regulations about alcohol advertising and marketing:
1. The Alcohol Act
2. The Dutch Advertising Code (and associated special codes)
3. The Media Act 2008

The Alcohol Act contains an article that gives the minister of Health, Welfare and Sport the competence to regulate alcohol advertising in an order in council. But until now there is no such regulation in force.

Advertising of alcoholic beverages is in the Netherlands mainly controlled by self regulation of the drinks industry. Since 1990 an Advertising Code for Alcoholic Beverages is in effect. It is a special code of the Dutch Advertising Code. In 2000 this code has been amended. Since then there is a voluntary advertising ban on all media if 25% or more of the audience (viewers, listeners, readers or visitors) is under 18 years. Since a 2008 amendment there is an obligatory slogan (as of spring 2014: "No 18, no alcohol"). In the Advertising Code for Alcoholic Beverages the rules of the Audiovisual Media Service Directive are incorporated.

Furthermore, there is since autumn 2020 an Advertising Code for Alcohol Free and Low Alcohol Beer. This code, also a special code of the Dutch Advertising Code, stipulates, among other things, that advertising for non-alcohol and low-alcohol beer may not be aimed at young people under the age of 18 and that advertising for low-alcohol beer must not be aimed at pregnant women and active traffic participation. The code applies to Dutch advertising for all beers with an alcohol content up to 0.5% ABV and applies to all organizations that advertise, such as brewers, supermarkets and the hospitality sector.

As of 2009 the Netherlands has a legal ban on alcohol advertisements on television and radio from 6 am to 9 pm. Dutch broadcasters are not allowed to transmit during these hours commercials for all alcoholic beverages. This "time lock" is included in the Media Act 2008. The rules are enforced by the Dutch Media Authority. From STAP-research it now appears that this “time lock” reduced advertising exposure to the youngest viewers while increasing exposure for the high-risk teenage population. This is because the alcohol producers, after the introduction of the "time lock", have trebled the number of TV-advertisements after 9 p.m.

In 2002 the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport commissioned the Dutch Institute for Alcohol Policy STAP to monitor the advertising and marketing practices of the drinks industry in the Netherlands. In 2013 the minister stopped the grant for these monitoring activities.

3. Penalties for driving while intoxicated

Road and traffic safety is the responsibility of the minister of Infrastructure and Environment.

In the Netherlands, the legal limit for drivers is a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.5 pro mille. Novice drivers (people who received their driving license less than five years ago) are not allowed to have a blood alcohol concentration higher than 0.2 pro mille. This blood alcohol level also applies to people below the age of 24 and - as of July 2017 - for all drivers who used alcohol in combination with illegal drugs.

In the Netherlands random testing is allowed.
The Netherlands has three rehabilitation courses for road users committed drink-driving offences: EMA (Educational Measure Alcohol and Traffic), LEMA (Lighter version of EMA) and EMG (Educational Measure Behaviour and Traffic) .

1. EMA (Educational Measure Alcohol and Traffic) is a three-day course given to people who participated in traffic with a BAC between 1.3 pro mille and 1.8 pro mille.

2. LEMA (Light Educational Measure Alcohol and Traffic) consists of two half-days of 3.5 hours each. LEMA is intended for novice drivers with a BAC between 0.5 pro mille and 0.8 pro mille.

3. EMG (Educational Measure Behaviour and Traffic) is meant for drivers who repeatedly showed undesirable driving behaviour in the course of one drive. Also in the case of one single major speeding offence, a driver can be referred to EMG.

As of December 2011 the Netherlands started an alcohol interlock program for experienced drivers with a BAC between 1.3 pro mille and 1.8 pro mille and for novice drivers with a BAC between 1.0 promille and 1.8 pro mille. The government decided to stop the program in september 2016, as there were many legal and technical problems. The House wants reconsideration of that decision. But the ministers involved are standing firm.

4. Taxation

Taxation is the responsibility of the minister of Finance.

Excise duties are levied on all alcoholic beverages. Like Value Added Tax, excise duties are included in the price the consumer pays. The tax is remitted to the Tax Administration by the manufacturers in the Netherlands, by traders and also by importers of excisable goods (for example, importers of American brandy).

For beer, the excise duty is progressive and is levied according to categories expressed in degrees Plato.
There are two excise duty tariffs on still and sparkling wines. The low rate is for wines with maximum 8.5% ABV. The high rate for all other wines. There is a special excise duty for intermediate products (between wines and spirits, for example port, sherry and vermouth).
For spirits, the excise duty is levied as a set amount per hectolitre of pure alcohol.

The last increase in excise duties was in 2014. As of then all excise duty rates for alcoholic beverages went up by at least 5.75%. A simplification of excise duty rates entered into force in 2017: the consequence was that an extra excise duty on sparkling wines has been abolished.

From then on the excise duty per glass is:

Glass of pilsner beer (250 cc) 9.5 eurocent
Glass of still or sparkling wine (100 cc) 8.8 eurocent
Glass of gin (35 cc) 20.6 eurocent

-

Excise duty 2020 (53,1 kB)

-

5. Education and prevention

Massmedia campaigns
In 1986 a large scale national alcohol education project was initiated by the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport. The campaign included mass media activities, mainly television and radio commercials, and regional activities. In the early years the campaign targeted at the general public, later at youngsters and parents. Local prevention workers were involved. At the start the campaign was coordinated by the Ministry, later on by the Netherlands Institute for Health Promotion, since 2008 by the Trimbos Institute. Part of the campaign was a telephone information and helpline. The slogan of all activities (“DRANK maakt meer kapot dan je lief is”) was very well known and excepted by the general public. In 2012 this campaign stopped after 25 years.
In november 2013 the health ministry launched a new perennial campaign to alert the public to the new alcohol and tobacco age limit of 18, featuring a number of celebrities and famous football coach Ronald Koeman. The slogan of this campaign is "NIX18".

Preventive activities in sport canteens
The government also supports - along with insurance company DSW and some sports organizations - preventive activities within sports clubs. The aim is mainly to address the poor compliance with the age limits for serving alcohol in sports canteens. Starting in 2015, paediatrician Nico van der Lely and the Dutch sports federation NOC*NSF will spend four years visiting sports clubs in the Netherlands to raise awareness of the harmful effects of excessive drinking by teenagers.

Schoolprojects
Information on alcohol to school pupils is developed on a national level (by the Trimbos Institute), but carried out on the regional level as much as possible. The majority of secondary schools and a third of all elementary schools take part in the long-term project “The Healthy School and Drugs”. Since recently the project is also targeting at vocational schools. Attention is paid to all mind altering products as alcohol, tobacco and illegal drugs. “The Healthy School and Drugs” is an integral program. Lessons play an important role, but it also focuses on parent activities, school rules for drugs, monitoring and counseling pupils who have problems using drugs. The project has had and will continue to have a grant from the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport.

Designated driver campaign
The BoB campaign aims to raise awareness of the dangers of driving while intoxicated. Alongside the general information that is offered during the campaign, there is an increased police surveillance. It is a so called designated driver campaign. A designated driver is a person who abstains from alcohol on a social occasion in order to drive his/her companions home safely. The designated driver is called BoB, a sympathetic person.The BoB campaign originated in Belgium, in 1995, and the concept has been picked up in the Netherlands in 2001. In the Netherlands the campaign is coordinated by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment. Participants are the alcohol producers and Safe Traffic Netherlands.

6. Treatment and rehabilitation

In the Netherlands there is a sound network of professional treatment facilities for problem drinkers.

General practitioners offer treatment. But most drinking problems are not recognised in this echelon.

Most problem drinkers are treated in one of the 12 government-financed regional centres for addicts (drug addicts and alcoholics). The care they offer is highly differentiated. The range extends from outpatient treatment programs to clinical treatment. Clinical treatment can be a short detoxification (three weeks), but also short-term hospitalization (up to three months) or longer-term hospitalization offering an intensive treatment program (maximum one year). Clinical treatment is almost always accompanied by outpatient treatment (before or after clinical treatment).
Yearly the 12 regional centres treat 31,000 people with an alcohol problem. The emphasis is on outpatient treatment.

Several organizations offer internet treatments.

Since 2008 young patients (under 18) being hospitalized with severe alcohol intoxication are referred to special treatment facilities with an extensive aftercare program. The results are promising.

Treatment is also offered by some religious organisations, private clinics and many local self help groups (Alcoholics Anonymous). There are also some proven effective e-health programmes, such as MinderDrinken.nl and Alcoholvrijzwanger.nl.

Dutch Institute for Alcohol Policy STAP
P.O. Box 9769
3506 GT Utrecht
The Netherlands
T: +31 (0)30-6565041
F: +31 (0)30-6565043
E: info@stap.nl